The knee is the most vulnerable joint in the body. For that reason, knee injuries are the most common injuries in athletes. The sports in which the most knee injuries occur are soccer, hockey, football, and bodybuilding.
But knee injuries are also common in ordinary people who are not athletes. These injuries can occur abruptly or develop gradually due to excessive load. Acute injury occurs at the time of an accident—for example, a fall–while injuries due to excessive stress are caused by repeated micro-traumas and develop gradually over a period of time. The most common acute knee injuries include ligament rupture and meniscus injury. The meniscus is a semicircular cartilage in the knee joint that softens its movement and protects it from wear. Rupture usually occurs when a bent knee turns.
Several structures in the knee joint can be damaged, the most common of which are the ligaments. Ligament injuries range from mild sprains to severe rupture. The knee also contains highly vulnerable cartilaginous structures that cover rubbing articular surfaces and provide glide in the joint. Cartilage destruction, either from trauma or from gradual deterioration, leads to chronic knee pain and even disability in severe cases of osteoarthrosis.
So what treatments are available for acute or chronic knee conditions?
Drugs and surgery should be treatments of the last resort. Anti-inflammatory drugs impede and can even reverse the healing process. Opiates are addictive and often ineffective. Surgery, which sometimes is necessary, is highly traumatic and can lead to complications. It should be avoided if possible.
Prolotherapy offers a non-surgical, safe, and effective alternative to drugs and surgery. Prolotherapy is an injection treatment method aimed at stimulating the recovery process in acute and chronic diseases of ligaments and tendons. During prolotherapy treatment, a patient receives a series of injections of a dextrose solution in tender areas of the knee. This treatment stimulates the body’s immune system to strengthen ligaments and tendons, thereby reducing pain. A new study has shown that several sessions of prolotherapy result in a significant reduction of knee pain that lasts for more than a year.
Prolotherapy can produce permanent recovery from acute and chronic knee conditions. When ligaments or tendons (connective tissue) are stretched, the joints that they hold are destabilized and can become painful. Prolotherapy can directly solve the problem of joint instability and restore weakened areas by stimulating the production of new collagen, which leads to permanent stabilization of the joint. Once the joint is stabilized, pain is usually eliminated.